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    文獻信息

    Radioiodinated hypericin as a tracer for detection of acute myocardial infarction: SPECT-CT imaging in a swine model

    期刊名:Springer
    文獻編號:
    文獻地址: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s12350-022-02933-6
    發表日期:16 March 2022
    Purpose

    Hypericin (Hyp) is a natural compound with a newly discovered necrosis-avidity, which can be exploited as a necrosis-avid tracer once labeled with radioactive iodine as has been tested in rodent models. This study was to evaluate the effect of radioiodinated Hyp (131I-Hyp) for imaging detection of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in conditions closer to clinical scenarios.

    Methods

    We established swine AMI models (n = 6) which were intravenously given 131I-Hyp and 99mTc-sestamibi and underwent SPECT-CT imaging with high- and low-energy collimators. The acquired SPECT images were fused with cardiac CT images and correlated with postmortem autoradiography and macro- and microscopic pathology. Tissue γ counting was performed to determine biodistribution of 131I-Hyp.

    Results

    131I-Hyp based SPECT indicated clearly hot regions on ventricular walls which were all histologically proved as AMI. Complementally, the hot AMI regions on 131I-Hyp SPECT (infarct/myoc ratio of 15.3 ± 7.7) were inversely cold regions on 99mTc-sestamibi SPECT (infarct/myoc ratio of 0.029 ± 0.021). Autoradiography of heart slices showed 9.8 times higher 131I-Hyp uptake in infarcted over normal myocardium. With γ counting, the mean 131I-Hyp uptake in infarcts was 10.69 ID%/g, 12.05 times of that in viable myocardium.

    Conclusion

    131I-Hyp shows a potential for clinical detection of AMI once I-131 is substituted by its isotope like I-124 or I-123 for PET or SPECT, respectively.
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